Facebook catches Iranian spies catfishing US military targets


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If you’re a member of the US military who’s gotten pleasant Facebook messages from private-sector recruiters for months on finish, suggesting a profitable future within the aerospace or protection contractor business, Facebook might have some dangerous news.

On Thursday, the social media large revealed that it has tracked and a minimum of partially disrupted a long-running Iranian hacking marketing campaign that used Facebook accounts to pose as recruiters, reeling in US targets with convincing social engineering schemes earlier than sending them malware-infected information or tricking them into submitting delicate credentials to phishing websites. Facebook says that the hackers additionally pretended to work within the hospitality or medical industries, in journalism, or at NGOs or airways, typically participating their targets for months with profiles throughout a number of completely different social media platforms.
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And not like some earlier circumstances of Iranian state-sponsored social media catfishing which have targeted on Iran’s neighbors, this newest marketing campaign seems to have largely focused Americans, and to a lesser extent UK and European victims.

Facebook says it has eliminated “fewer than 200” faux profiles from its platforms because of the investigation and notified roughly the identical variety of Facebook customers that hackers had focused them.

“Our investigation found that Facebook was a portion of a much broader espionage operation that targeted people with phishing, social engineering, spoofed websites, and malicious domains across multiple social media platforms, email, and collaboration sites,” David Agranovich, Facebook’s director for risk disruption, stated Thursday in a name with press.

Facebook has recognized the hackers behind the social engineering marketing campaign because the group often called Tortoiseshell, believed to work on behalf of the Iranian authorities. The group, which has some unfastened ties and similarities to different better-known Iranian teams identified by the names APT34 or Helix Kitten and APT35 or Charming Kitten, first got here to mild in 2019. At that point, safety agency Symantec spotted the hackers breaching Saudi Arabian IT suppliers in an obvious provide chain assault designed to contaminate the corporate’s prospects with a chunk of malware often called Syskit. Facebook has noticed that very same malware used on this newest hacking marketing campaign, however with a far broader set of an infection methods and with targets within the US and different Western nations as a substitute of the Middle East.

Tortoiseshell additionally appears to have opted from the beginning for social engineering over a supply-chain assault, beginning its social media catfishing as early as 2018, in line with safety agency Mandiant. That consists of way over simply Facebook, says Mandiant vice chairman of risk intelligence John Hultquist. “From some of the very earliest operations, they compensate for really simplistic technical approaches with really complex social media schemes, which is an area where Iran is really adept,” Hultquist says.

In 2019, Cisco’s Talos safety division noticed Tortoiseshell running a fake veterans’ site called Hire Military Heroes, designed to trick victims into putting in a desktop app on their PC that contained malware. Craig Williams, a director of Talos’ intelligence group, says that faux web site and the bigger marketing campaign Facebook has recognized each present how military personnel looking for private-sector jobs pose a ripe goal for spies. “The problem we have is that veterans transitioning over to the commercial world is a huge industry,” says Williams. “Bad guys can find people who will make mistakes, who will click on things they shouldn’t, who are attracted to certain propositions.”

Facebook warns that the group additionally spoofed a US Department of Labor web site; the corporate supplied a listing of the group’s faux domains that impersonated news media websites, variations of YouTube and LiveLeak, and many various variations on Trump household and Trump group–associated URLs.

Facebook says that it has tied the group’s malware samples to a selected Tehran-based IT contractor referred to as Mahak Rayan Afraz, which has beforehand supplied malware to the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, or IRGC—the primary tenuous hyperlink between the Tortoiseshell group and a authorities. Symantec famous again in 2019 that the group had additionally used some software tools also spotted in use by Iran’s APT34 hacking group, which has used social media lures across sites like Facebook and LinkedIn for years. Mandiant’s Hultquist says it roughly shares some traits with the Iranian group often called APT35, too, which is believed to work within the service of the IRGC. APT35’s historical past consists of utilizing an American defector, military intelligence protection contractor Monica Witt, to gain information about her former colleagues that could be used to target them with social engineering and phishing campaigns.

The risk of Iran-based hacking operations—and notably, the specter of disruptive cyberattacks from the nation—might have appeared to subside because the Biden Administration has reversed course from the Trump administration’s confrontational strategy. The 2020 assassination of Iranian military chief Qassem Soleimani specifically led to an uptick in Iranian intrusions that many feared have been a precursor to retaliatory cyberattacks that by no means materialized. President Biden has, against this, signaled that he hopes to revive the Obama-era deal that suspended Iran’s nuclear ambitions and eased tensions with the nation—a rapprochement that has been rattled by news that Iranian intelligence brokers plotted to kidnap an Iranian-American journalist.

But the Facebook marketing campaign exhibits that Iranian espionage will proceed to focus on the US and its allies, even because the broader political relations enhance. “The IRGC are clearly conducting their espionage in the United States,” says Mandiant’s Hultquist. “They’re still up to no good, and they need to be carefully watched.”

This story first appeared on wired.com.



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